some state-perpetrated/sponsored/sanctioned/condoned large-scale crimes


the lists are incomplete and in progress.

the perpetrator listing (first column) is approximate.

before 1900

(head of) statewhen (Gregorian)wherewhatnote
numerous statesnumerous timesnumerous placessystematically debased, enslaved, trafficked, and/or sacrificed other humans
Darius I-522Persiamassacred Magi civilians
Qin-260Changpingburied alive Zhao captivesSima Qian
Mithridates VI-88Anatoliamassacred Roman civilians
Rome135Judeamassacred Jewish civilians
Cao Cao193Xumassacred civilians
Ran Min350north Chinamassacred Wu Hu population
Al-Mahdi783Abbasidexecuted "heretics"
Genghis Khan1206 - 1227numerous placesmassacred Chinese, Mongol, Muslim, Persian, other civilians, several cities
Khanate1221 - 1264Sichuanmassacred Sichuanese population
several states1548 - 1872Kashmirsystematic destruction of Shia population
Athens-416Melosmassacred Melian population
Rome-264 - 404Romemade gladiators fight to the death for entertainment
Crassus, Pompey-71south Italycrucified slave captives
Julius Caesar-55Gaulmassacred Germani, Gaul civilians
Rome61, 77Angleseymassacred Druid population
Byzantine1209Constantinoplemassacred Latin civilians
Pope Innocent III1209 - 1229south Franceexecuted Cathar civilians
Rome-149Carthagemassacred Carthaginian population
several states-48, 272, 391, 642Alexandriaburned books
Jewish insurrectionaries115Cyrenaicamassacred Roman, Greek civiliansCassius Dio

Ottoman Empire

head / branchwhenwherewhatnote
government, military1915 - 1917empiregenocide, ethnic cleansing of Armenians1, 2, 3

United States

head / branchwhenwherewhatnote
government(1776) - 1865?nationpractice of slavery (at least in the sense that it was understood at the time)1
government(1776) -worldcolonisation, per white supremacy; global territorial/military/economic/cultural imperialism1
government(1776) -nationgenocide, ethnic cleansing of indigenous nations1, 2, 3, 4, 5
government agencies, corporations(1898) -Americaspolitical/economic/military assassinations, interference, interventions of numerous countries in the Americas1
government, military1899Philippinesneglect of sovereignty; massacre of Filipino civilians1
(?) government, military1941Pearl Harborfalse flag operation (Pearl Harbor)1
military1942 - 1945Japanbombing of Japanese civilians; blanket bombing of Tokyo1
military (with British military)1945Dresdenblanket bombing of German civilians1
military1945Hiroshima; Nagasakiatomic bombing of Japanese civilians1
military1950 - 1953north Koreagenocidal bombings of north Korea1
military1950north Koreamassacre of north Korean civilians1
military1950south Koreamassacre of south Korean civilians1
military, CIA1964 - 1973Laosgenocidal bombings of Laos; drug trafficking1
government, military1964Gulf of Tonkinfalse flag operation (Gulf of Tonkin)1
military, CIA1965 - 1975Vietnamexecutions, assassinations, torture of Vietnamese civilians1, 2
military1968south Vietnammassacre, rape, mutilation of Vietnamese civilians1, 2
government, military2001 -nation; worldextrajudicial treatment of suspects, questionable government conduct, mass fear, anxiety, shock, per "war on terror"1
(?) government2001New Yorkfalse flag operation (9/11)1
(?) government, military (coalition)2003 - 2011Iraqinvasion, leading to war and numerous war crimes, under pretext of "weapons of mass destruction"1, 2

notes & disclaimers